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3.1.6 Review of bones, joints, and ligaments of the vertebral column


Now that we’ve looked at the vertebrae, and at the stuctures that hold them together, we’re almost ready to move on, to look at the principal muscles of the vertebral column. Before we do that, let’s briefly review what we’ve seen so far.

Here’s a cervical vertebra, a thoracic vertebra, and a lumbar vertebra.

Here are the body, the vertebral canal, the pedicle, the lamina, the transverse processes, the spinous processes, the articular processes, and the intervertebral foramen.

In the cervical vertebra, here’s the anterior tubercle, and the posterior tubercle of the transverse process, and here’s the transverse foramen.

Here’s the sacrum, the coccyx, the pelvic sacral foramina, the dorsal sacral foramina, and the sacral hiatus.

Here’s an intervertebral disk; the anulus fobrosus, and the nucleus pulposus. Here are the interspinous, and supraspinous ligaments, the ligamentum flavum, the posterior longitudinal ligament, and the anterior longitudinal ligament.

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